Are Cheerios A Healthy Cereal? | Ask The Fitness Nerd

[ 29 ] January 31, 2009 |

Are Cheerios a Healthy Cereal Choice? We Take A Look At The Nutritional Profile of One Of America’s Favorite Cereals and Let You Decide.



Dear Fitness Nerd,Box of Cheerios Cereal

Are Cheerios a healthy cereal? I’m trying to eat breakfast more often, but I don’t care for oatmeal. I do love Cheerios, however. But I’m not sure if they are a healthy choice. Fat is low and they don’t seem to have many calories. What’s your opinion? Is there a better cereal out there instead? – Carolyn (Portland, Maine)

The “healthiness” of cereals and foods is often relative. Same goes for Cheerios.

For example, if you are regularly skipping breakfast and then grabbing a bagel and cream cheese at the office, a bowl of Cheerios with skim milk would be a much better option from a nutrition standpoint than your usual choices in the morning.  So from that perspective, Cheerios are a healthy cereal — or at least healthier in comparison to the bagel and cream cheese.

On the other hand, given the choice between eating Cheerios or a whole food, unprocessed source of complex carbohydrates in the morning like oatmeal, oat bran or homemade muesli, the Cheerios doesn’t fare quite as well.

Let’s take a quick look at what Cheerios has going for it nutritionally, and what some of its weaknesses are compared to other whole food sources of breakfast grains.



Cheerios Nutrition Facts

Cheerios have a several things going for them nutritionally. Cheerios are:

  • Made with whole grain oats as the primary ingredient
  • Low in sugar (less than 1 gram)
  • Low in fat (less than 2 grams)
  • Relatively high in dietary fiber (3 grams, one gram of which is heart-healthy soluble fiber)
  • Fairly low in sodium compared to other prepared foods (200 mg)
  • Low in calories (a one cup serving as 100 calories)

Cheerios also have zero cholesterol and are trans fat free.

The main disadvantage of Cheerios is that they are still a processed grain. Whether that matters to you really has to do with how you feel personally about food processing.

How Are Cheerios Processed?

Compared to a lot of other breakfast cereals, Cheerios are probably one of the least processed choices out there.

That said, those little “Os” didn’t drop off the oat stalk in the farmer’s field and march into a box untouched by modern industrial food processing machinery.

So how are Cheerios made?

Cheerios are produced in a factory. General Mills takes whole grain oat flour and then adds in some more oat bran and oat fiber (as well as a little sugar and salt.) The flour is then mixed together in a big vat with water and some “binders” like corn and wheat starch and pushed through machinary (also called “dies”) to create the little “Os”. The “Os” are then cooked in a pressurized steam cylinder, dried some more and sprayed with synthetic vitamins.

Next stop: the box, the grocery store and then your cereal bowl.

Does this really matter? Well, yes and no.

Nutritionally, aside from the added salt, Cheerios are about as a “whole” of a cereal as you can get from a factory. Even cereals that people consider ”healthy” like Kashi are made from grain flours — so the process of making Cheerios isn’t fundamentally different from what Kellogg does with Kashi (yes, Kashi is a Kellogg product — Tony the Tiger just doesn’t want you to know this.)

Also, realize that many of the vitamins in Cheerios are not from the grain itself, but rather synthetic vitamins and minerals sprayed on to the cereal at the plant. So if you are looking for whole food sources of vitamins and minerals, you may want to consider something less processed. 

Processed Cereals Versus Whole Food Sources of Grains 

There are some benefits to choosing a whole food, less-processed form of healthy grains like oats over a more-processed version like Cheerios.  

If you are trying to follow a clean eating or Whole Food/Slow Food philosophy, then in general you’ll choose organic rolled oats or oat groats over processed cold cereals like Cheerios that are made with oat flour. But this is sort of a philosophical thing and a decision that you need to make for yourself.

From a health and nutrition standpoint, the main reason for why you might want to have that bowl of oatmeal instead of Cheerios has to do with how your body digests carbohydrates from whole food sources versus processed cereals.

Comparing Glycemic Loads between Cheerios and Oatmeal

The carbohydrates in cereals or grain products made with flours are digested more quickly, which increases their glycemic index rating and glycemic load – a way of measuring how much a food raises blood sugar.

For example, Cheerios has a glycemic index (GI) rating of 74 and a glycemic load (GL) of 12 versus old fashioned rolled oats, which have a GI of 46 and GL of 9. Lower GI and GL ratings indicate that a food has less impact on blood sugar levels.

In general, spikes in blood sugar levels are not considered a good thing (although they can be useful immediately following weight training.) 

Rapid increases in blood sugar may lead to increased fat storage under particular circumstances — typically in a calorie surplus – but more importantly, you may experience a quick burst of energy, followed by a crash a few hours later. Refined sugars are the leading cause of this, but highly-processed grains can have similar effects — especially if they aren’t balanced out against a protein and fat. This is especially the case with non-whole grain cereals like Special K or Rice Chex.

When you eat grains in their whole, non-flour form, the carbohydrates are digested more slowly, which can help you maintain your energy levels over a longer period of time, with less risk of “crashes.”

One caveat: It’s important to understand that what you eat with cereals that are made with processed whole grain flours can slow down these blood sugar spikes. So if you eat the Cheerios with a protein like skim milk or yogurt and add a healthy fat like peanut butter alongside the cereal, blood sugar can be evened-out.

I’m not suggesting that you make all of your decisions based on the Glycemic Index rating of foods, since GI is controversial and inexact. However, it can help you better understand how processing impacts the way your body responds to carbohydrates and sugars in processed versus whole food sources of grains.

Cheerios and Cholesterol

Another benefit of eating cereals like Cheerios made with whole grain oats is the potential cholesterol-lowering effect of the soluble fiber in oats (and Cheerios.)

The fiber in oats and whole-grain oat products and cereals can help “sweep” cholesterol from the body, decreasing overall blood cholesterol levels and possibly reducing the risk of heart disease.

Cheerios have a comparable amount of souble oat fiber to a bowl of oat meal, so including Cheerios or other sources of soluble fiber in your diet is a good idea, in general.

Are Cheerios A Healthy Cereal:  A Few Things To Consider

In terms of cold breakfast cereals, I’d give Cheerios a B+ on the healthy eating meter.

While eating whole food sources of oats would be preferable, some people simply don’t like the texture of oatmeal. If this is the case, you could try a muesli or low-sugar granola, which would give you the benefits of whole oats, but with some of the taste and texture advantages of a boxed cold cereal like Cheerios.

Because eating healthier is really about making better choices, if eating a bowl of Cheerios in the morning helps you eat breakfast more frequently and avoid some of the less-healthy options out there, then I would say go ahead and eat them. They are certainly a better choice than something like Special K — which is not a whole grain cereal — and they are obviously much healthier than sugary breakfast cereals.

If you do decide to include Cheerios in your diet, just make sure to choose the original version, and not the sugary, Honey Nut product. 

Also avoid heaping on the table sugar, which will quickly cancel out any of the health benefits of the cereal. Instead, try sweetening them naturally with fruits like bananas or berries. Even some honey or maple syrup would be preferable to digging into the sugar bowl.

Finally, always try to balance each of your meals or snacks by including some lean protein from low-fat, unsweetened yogurt or skim milk and a little healthy fat from nut butters (for instance, some almond butter on whole grain toast.) Eating meals that contain all three of these macro-nutritents can keep your energy levels up and discourage over-eating later in the day.

Cheerios Ingredients

Whole Grain Oats, Modified Corn Starch, Sugar, Oat Bran, Salt, Calcium Carbonate, Oat Fiber, Tripotassium Phosphate, Corn Starch, Wheat Starch, Vitamin E (Mixed Tocopherols) added to preserve freshness.

Cheerios Nutrition Information

Serving Size: 1 Cup (30g)

Amount per Serving:

Calories: 110
Calories from Fat: 18
Total Fat: 2g 4%
Saturated Fat: 0g 0%
Trans Fat: 0g
Cholesterol: 0mg 0%
Sodium: 210mg 9%
Potassium: 200mg 4%
Total Carbohydrates: 22g 8%
Fiber: 3g 12%
Sugar: 1g
Other Carbohydrates: 18g
Protein: 3g 2%

Cheerios Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamin A: 10%
Vitamin B6: 25%
Vitamin B12: 25%
Vitamin C: 10%
Vitamin D: 10%
Folic Acid: 50%
Niacin: 25%
Riboflavin: 25%
Thiamin: 25%
Calcium: 10%
Copper: 2%
Iron: 45%
Magnesium: 10%
Phosphorus: 10%
Zinc: 25%

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

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Comments (29)

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  1. Tatiana (1 comments) says:

    I LOVE Cheerios, but i always really wondered how they stacked up against other healthy foods like oatmeal.  This was a great article. I really like the way you dig down into things. Guess i can keep eating Cheerios for breakfast, as long as i don’t pile on the sugar, huh? Like the granola idea too. Hadn’t really thought about eating it with milk for a breakfast cereal. I usually just think of it as something you eat as a snack.

  2. Carolyn (1 comments) says:

    Hey Matt or Fitness Nerd or whatever you call yourself. ;-)

    Thanks for answering my question about whether Cheerios were a healthy cereal with so much detail. Really nerdy, but in a great way! I NEVER expected so much info when I decided to send this to you. I feel like I now know everything there is to know about Cheerios.  I think I’m going to keep eating them, but I’m going to try to add some of the other ideas you suggested. Thanks for the really detailed answer! Carolyn.

  3. C J (1 comments) says:

    I must say, you did an excellent job of thoroughly explaining this subject! I was researching Slim-fast, Cheerios, Total, Carnation Instant Breakfast (et al.) regarding their nutritional values and had pretty much decided that for the cost/pound/nutrient  Cheerios & Total  cost a  fraction of what the drinks cost for the same nutritional value. (calories included).
    Your superb explanation of GI & GL was VERY clear, as was your treatment of flour vs. whole grain. I especially appreciate the info. on weightlifting.
    Since starting P90x I have been looking for a well balanced protein/carb/vitamin supplement. The overpriced proprietary drink/protein supplements from one or another company are just a rip off. I like alternating oatmeal (& vitamin supplements) with Cheerios or Total using homemade buttermilk (instead of milk) and  adding unsalted peanuts, pecans, raisens, bananas, apples etc.. for a healthy meal.

    Kudos on a job very well done!
    CJ
    ps. I have to save this webpage to my desktop!

  4. Alan (4 comments) says:

    Interesting that you would ding Cheerios as a processed food (correctly in my opinion) but then go on to recommend skim milk, which is to real milk what Cheerios are to whole oats.  No, actually go further: skim milk is to real milk is what Frosted Flakes is to whole oats.  

    You seem to be pretty well informed overall and I really like your analysis, but still fully on the “low fat diet” because “fat is bad” bandwagon.  I ended up here from digby’s blog, btw, in case you are interested.

  5. Jane (3 comments) says:

    Nice article!  I just wanted to add that raisins are a great addition to a bowl of Cheerios to add a bit of sweetness.

  6. Crystal (1 comments) says:


    Fitness nerd,
    I have a 3 month old daughter and was wondering why everyone feeds their children Cheerios.  I try to follow a ‘clean eating’ diet, and want to make sure I give my daughter the best foods for her.  Thank you for giving so much detail about this very popular cereal.  I consider myself a fairly informed person when it comes to nutrition, and I definitely learned lots from your article.   I feel much better now about eventually feeing my daughter this cereal.
    Crystal

  7. sue (3 comments) says:

    Thanx for such a great explanation.  Do you ever  talk about multi vitamin or supplements?   My husband is particularly concerned about getting too much folic acid.  Thanx so much.   Sue

  8. Paraslim (2 comments) says:

    I love cheerios and they are low in calories so it is even better for me :)

  9. Jaques (1 comments) says:

    Cheerios are a great source of not only carbs but also, grains. Cheerios are a wonderful source of whole grains, and whole grains/grains are a much needed part of any well balanced diet.

    I use cheerios for some of my daily carb/grain servings and I love them because they have about 120calories per serving, and basically no sugar or fat.

  10. Patty (2 comments) says:

    I eat Cheerios and oatmeal with black walnuts that I gathered from a country roadside last Fall. I gathered, shucked, dried and shelled the walnuts. It was well worth the work not only because of the cost of walnuts in stores but also because of better taste. At almost seventy years of age the healthy foods that I grow in my veggie garden have cured the irregular heartbeat, anemia, insomnia and RLS that I’d had for years. Most home grown vegs can be frozen in some form or another to provide  free healthy food year round. Don’t forget to save seeds for next year.

  11. Sue Souders (1 comments) says:

    When did they start to process the food? Was that the 70′s, when they started adding more ingredients?

  12. Stef (1 comments) says:

    Great post – so well researched! I’ve been debating Cheerios vs oatmeal or eggs in the morning and found this really informative. I’d love to see the merits/de-merits of a non-cereal breakfast (like eggs) discussed.

  13. Chris (12 comments) says:

    Healthfulness aside… no Cheerios for me! Cheerios use wheat starch to keep the little O’s intact, and since I think our whole family is celiac, we would do better to stay away from all forms of wheat. I can’t even eat ANYTHING with oats (let alone wheat) because they are typically harvested and processed with the same machinery as wheat, so there is usually some amount of cross contamination. I buy Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free Oats, but they are really expensive.  I have seen some gluten free O’s cereal at different stores, but again, expensive.

  14. Cheerios Fan (1 comments) says:

    Thanks for all the good cheerios nutrition information.  I think Cheerios compare favorably to oats, the non instant kind.  If you compare cheerios and oats using a 40 gram serving size, they both have the same fiber content, 4 grams.  They both have relatively the same calories, 150.  They also both have around 5 grams of protein.  The bigest difference is that people would rather eat cheerios.  They taste better and they’re more convenient.  Cheerios Win!

  15. Eric (2 comments) says:

    The nutrition facts for Cheerios here is incorrect. Cheerios have 100 calories per serving (1 cup), with 20g carbs and 3 g fiber.

  16. G0flyakite1 (1 comments) says:

    50% Iron is good for you? I didn’t know metal was good for your heart. It is?. Society is brainwashed.

    NO CEREAL IS GOOD FOR YOU!!

  17. rjc (1 comments) says:

    What about the modified corn starch?  How do they modify it and what impact does that have on us?  Thanks.

  18. iamceleb (1 comments) says:

    Since when CORN SYRUP and CORN STARCH (made from Genetically Modified corn) became healthy nutrients????? especially for children. plus SUGAR and CARBS! feed your baby some beets and apples!

  19. Kenton Sharpes (1 comments) says:

    Learned about tart cherry juice concentrate from my nurse for my gout pain. I began drinking a few weeks ago and my joints feel great. I even got free shipping from Traverse Bay Farms

  20. Tim Allen (1 comments) says:

    You are far too strict. Cheerios are low and sugar and quite tasty. I eat oatmeal almost daily for breakfast but I enjoy cheerios as a snack. You should lighten up a bit.

  21. George Treon (1 comments) says:

    OK, wow there are some interesting comments. I thought that the subject was well examined with a clear & comprehensive response. About a year ago I was diagnosed with type II diabetes. I’ve been successful in reducing all the numbers with a variety of exercise and a much improved diet.

    Given our current/available food choices, it’s all about picking foods with the less evils. I avoid wheat, processed foods and try to have old fashioned oats every morning. But Cheerios is , “less evil” quick and prevents me from eating Really Evil foods later because I skipped breakfast. So, it’s important for me to have as a back-up choice. All we can do is all we can do.

    I have the information I came for, thank you!!    

  22. margo (1 comments) says:

    Thanks for this!

  23. Benjamin Ng (1 comments) says:

    Fantastic article; thanks for all the information. Was trying to find a health cereal to eat (been pretty unhealthy with breakfast and figured it’s time to change)

    Was considering between Vector and Cheerios; can you outline breifly which one you think is healthier? 

  24. jacky faulkner (1 comments) says:

    I JUST FOUND THIS BY THE OFF CHANCE ,IM GLAD I DID AS FIND IT HARD TO GET CEAREALS WITH OATS ONLY , I WILL BUYING THIS TOMORROW.

  25. Brandon Putz (1 comments) says:

    My problem with the term “processed” is that it has not been accurately defined.  At least not in a way that makes sense to me.  I hear people proclaim that they do not eat “processed” food, yet they can’t explain what processed means (almost all food, even so-called “whole” foods, have been altered from the natural state in some way) or why it is inherently “bad” for you.  Also, processed foods have been around for quite some time.  Ask anyone whi lived through the ’50s or ’60s what they ate: there were lots of foods with white flour in them, and everyone ate white bread.  Yet the obesity rates weren’t nearly as bad as they are today.  Processed food cannot be the ONLY reason why obesity rates are so high today.

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